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Gima, Makoto

Master Makoto Gima was born on September 28, 1896 in Okinawa. After graduating from Okinawa Shihan Gakko (Higher Normal Scool), Mr. Gima studied in Tokyo at Shoka Daigaku (presently Hitotsubashi University). In 1912, under the guidance of both Masters A. Itotsu and K. Yabe, Mr. Gima chose the way of karate.

Although he was weak since infancy, it was through his study of karate that he became healthy and strong. Eventually he became an Okinanwan born master of two ways - martial arts and scholastic studies.

In 1922, Master Gichin Funakoshi (later to be the founder of the Shotokan School of Karate) travelled from Okinawa to Tokyo and established a dojo at Meisei-Juku (a dormitory for Okinawan students). It was there that Mr. Gima followed Master Funakoshi's instruction and participated as Assistant Instructor at the first karate dojo on mainland Japan.

Near this time, Judo Grand-Master Jigoro Kano requested a karate demonstration at the Kodokan (Judo headquarters). As Master Funakoski's assistant, Mr. Gima drilled in the kata Tekki Shodan, while Master Funakoshi drilled in Kanku-dai. Kihon kumite was also displayed.

Later, for the purpose of karate expansion in Japan, Mr. Gima participated as a partner with Master Funakoshi. In March 1923, Master Funakoshi promoted Makoto Gima to the rank of first degree black belt. In January 1956, Mr. Gima received his tenth degree black belt from Master Kanken Toyama of the Karatedo Shudokan. During Master Gima's karate history, he had the opportunity to observe the formation of the Shoto-kai, as well as the Japan Karate Association.

After graduating from Hitotsubashi University in 1923, Mr. Gima entered the teaching profession and taught at Kumamoto Commercial School; at Maebashi Commercial High School; at Yamagata Commercial School; and served as principal at Kofu Commercial High School. Mr. Gima was also employed at the Kajima Corporation Company.

While making karate the mainstay of his life, Mr. Gima successfully held the posts of Advisor to the Shudokan, President of the Okinawan Karate Association, President of the Shibuya-ku Karate Federation, President of the Shutoken Karatedo Association, Advisor for the Japan Karatedo Federation, Technical Advisor for the All Japan Karatedo Rengo Kai, President of the Gima-Ha Shoto-Ryu Karatedo Association, and was the number one instructor (Saiko Shihan) of the Kajima Corporation Karate Club.

Significant events in the life of Master Makoto Gima:

Born in Okinawa September 28, 1896.

Graduated from Toyko Shoka Daigaku, now Hitotsubashi University,

Commenced Karate-do under Shihan A. Itosu and Shihan-dai K. Yabu,

Assistant instructor for Master Gichin Funakoshi at Meisho Juyuku Dorm Dojo, Tokyo. Karate demonstration at Kodokan under the promotion of Judo Grand Master J. Kano. Funakoshi Sensei performed Kanku-dai; Gima Sensei performed Tekki Shodan.

Helped Karate development as a partner of Master Funakoshi,

Received Shodan certificate from Master Funakoshi.

Assisted as a technical advisor for the establishment of Shoto-kai and Japan Karate Association.

Continued training and assisting at Funakoshi Sensei's Miesho-Jyuku Dojo
Continued his career as a teacher and principal at many schools
after World War II.

Hired by the Kajima Corportion.

Advisor for Shudokan.

President for Okinawa Karatedo Association, for Shibutaku Karatedo Federation and Shutoken Karatedo Federation.

Shaiko Shihan for Kajima Corporation Club.

Advisor to the Federation of All Japan Karatedo Organization.

President for Gima-Ha Shoto-Ryu Karatedo Association, 1956.

Presented 10th degree by Master Kanken Toyama of the Shidokan.

Reproduced with permission of Bino Felix, Technical Director
Gima-Ha Shoto-Ryu Karatedo Association: (Edited for punctuation and clarity)

To find more articles of interest, search on one of these keywords:

karate, karate do, Gichin Funakoshi, Kanken Toyama, Shudokan, Shutoken Karatedo Association, Okinawan Karate Association, Shibuya-ku Karate

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